Arrange flower patterns on the wooden stand as shown on the assignment cards or use your imagination. The colourful and pretty flower designs help to distinguish various shapes and colours.
Activity is appropriate:
- for children
- for people with a mild to advanced dementia
- as preventive activity
- as an independent activity, activity in a pair or activity in a group
Key product benefits:
- Preserves and strengthens the sense for shapes and colours
- Strengthens the ability to observe, compare, sort
- Strengthens fine motor skills and eye-arm coordination
- Preserves and strengthens the sense of personal ability and competence
- Strengthens mind activities: attention and concentration
Back when there were not as many machines and computers as today, people did their work manually. By sorting wheat, peeling beans and corn, crocheting, sewing, cutting wood, etc. we preserved our manual skills, visual perceptions, attention and concentration, and we were also involved in social activities. Today, manual skills are associated only with certain occupations, hobbies and daily activities, such as getting dressed, household work and writing.
By engaging in activity we strengthen our visual perception, focused attention, manual skills, procedural memory and visual spatial orientation:
- Through the activity of assembling coloured patterns in various combinations, observing and comparing shapes and colours, we enhance our visual perception and encourage eye-hand co-ordination and fine motor skills. Sensory signals control the movements of the hands and muscles in the fingers so that one’s grip is sufficiently precise, and fine motor skills are associated with the use of tiny muscles in the fingers, arms and shoulders, in conjunction with vision and/or touch. Activities that promote visual perception also have a positive effect on other areas (e.g. memory, movement, planning, speech, etc.).
- Visual spatial orientation holds a large part in the classification and design of the samples. In dementia, our orientation is often affected, resulting in low spatial awareness (e.g. getting lost in a familiar environment), and difficulties in everyday tasks, for example placing a glass in the appropriate place, signing a certain part of a document, carrying objects, etc. Preventive activities can contribute to a better conservation of orientation.
- Various tasks activate several parts of the brain within the two brain hemispheres, which is especially important for maintaining brain flexibility.
- Finding coherence and order in completing patterns can be relaxing, these can calm you down and give you a sense of satisfaction when performing the activity.
- When a person is sampling patterns, he/she maintains a sense of self-control, which is particularly important with those individuals, whose sense of ability is weak owing to cognitive decline.
- Performing and completing a certain task also depend on our focused attention, which plays a key role in almost all mental processes; when following a conversation, performing an activity, observing nature, listening to music, painting, trying good food, etc. If we are more motivated to do a particular task, our attention will be more focused, and the observation will be more precise. When we occupy our thoughts in this way, we forget about everyday worries, making it easier to relax.
- When sorting shapes by colour or form in meaningful sequences, we also use procedural memory, which ensures that the task is carried out gradually, step by step or successively.
A lower level of accuracy, slow processing of information and a slower completion of the task may occur when carrying out the task. If a person’s cognitive abilities are already in decline, they may not be able to properly classify objects or construct symmetrical patterns, progress will be less noticeable or there won’t be any at all. In managing, monitoring and communicating with a person with dementia or persons with other types of problems in the field of sensory and cognitive abilities, we must take into account the aforementioned problems.
Each activity has positive effects only when it is not too easy for the person and not too demanding, so it is important to select the appropriate complexity of the activity. The principle of three keys applies to success:
- Frequency: Activity should be performed sufficiently frequently (recommended 2-3 times a week).
- Duration: more repetitions are needed over a longer period of time (2-3 months).
- Intensity: Intensively enough means that we take an active part in the activity and insist on it for a while (15, 30 to 45 minutes, depending on the individual's ability).
Contents: wooden activity stand, 6 assignment cards with 12 assignments, 32 wooden flowers shapes, manual, wooden box with a sliding lid (32 x 23 x 6 cm).